The disease diabetes insipidus is very similar to diabetes mellitus. It is a disease causing an abnormal raise in the fluid intake and urine output. If you have diabetes insipidus you may develop a habit of regular bed wetting. You must also notice the color of your urine if you are affected by this disease. The color of patients having diabetes insipidus is not yellow; it is generally a bit pale in color.
Diabetes Insipidus or Diabetes Mellitus?
You may be a bit confused with the symptoms and natures of the diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Insipidus is somewhat similar to diabetes mellitus due to some of its symptoms. Both the diseases have symptoms of increased thirst and urination. But all other aspects of these two diseases are different.
The causes and the treatment procedure adapted in case of diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus do not resemble with each other. These two diseases are absolutely unrelated. Diabetes insipidus is called as the ‘water diabetes’ and the other one is called ‘sugar diabetes’.
What are the Types of Diabetes Insipidus?
You can classify diabetes insipidus into four parts. The type which is found most frequently among patients occurs due to shortage of vasopressin. Vasopressin is a hormone, which usually helps the kidney in reducing the urine output. This type is generally caused by destruction of posterior pituitary. So, it is also named as pituitary DI
The next type is gestational DI. You can have this disease when you are pregnant. Sometimes during pregnancy there may be a decrease in the production of vasopressin, if the pituitary of the pregnant mother is a bit damaged or the hormone is rapidly destroyed by the placenta.
The 3rd type is known as nephrogenic DI. If you are attacked by this type of DI, you kidney will not answer to the antidiuretic effects of vasopressin. This can be a hereditary disease and if so can not be cured throughout the life.
The last type is referred to as dipsogenic DI. This has the same symptoms like the pituitary DI, and can only be separated from it by measuring vasopressin in time of a stimulus. For example, fluid deprivation.